Choosing a Sapphire

Choosing a Sapphire


What are the Characteristics of Color in Sapphires?
Uniformity is one of the most important features of a sapphire with respect to its color. We perform a thorough analysis of each and every gemstone, making sure the color is even and there’s no zoning. Splitting it up, color is evaluated on 3 different parameters:

  1. Hue
  2. Tone
  3. Saturation

— Hue —

A sapphire’s hue is its actual body color. Hue is made up of two parts, one is the color that is most noticeable and has the strongest presence and second is made up of a multitude of minor colors that are minutely observable. For instance, violet-blue, greenish-blue and violet-pink are some examples of hues. Our blue sapphires are of the highest quality and fall within a range of greenish-blue and violet-blue. There are also specifically colored sapphires including orange, yellow, peach, pink, purple, white and green.

— Tone —

In a general sense, tone is the depth of a color. Comparing it in terms of sapphires, a sky blue sapphire will have a different “tone” than a midnight blue sapphire. The color/hue would be the same but another property would be different, which is its tone. A sky blue sapphire has a lighter tone compared to a midnight blue sapphire.

— Saturation —

The purity of a sapphire’s color is called its saturation. Saturation can tell whether a gem has brown or gray hues in it. Sapphires that have the greatest levels of saturation are the rarest and appear extremely clean. A strong saturation is also called a “vivid” saturation.

Carat Weight & Size

How are Sapphires Measured?
Gems have varying densities, which means that a diamond and a sapphire of the same size won’t have the same carat weight. Sapphires are heavier than diamonds so 1 carat sapphire is smaller in size than 1 carat diamond. Size in mm provides a much easier way for setting and selection. Usually, a round sapphire of 1 carat is 6 mm in measurement.

Sapphire Cut

What makes a well-cut Sapphire?
In order to bring out the true personality of a sapphire, a personalized cut is essential. Unlike diamonds, sapphires don’t have “ideal” or “super ideal” cuts, which means, each and every sapphire crystal must be cut in custom dimensions to get out the best color and brilliance. Sapphires come in a great many variety of colors and have specific properties attributed to them. As there is no standardization, sapphire cuts tend to be ungraded. Jewelers have come up with their own set of specifications to define a sapphire’s cut grade that ultimately determines its price.

A sapphire that has been well-cut will show its natural color while at the same time have enhanced brilliance. Gemstones that have lighter tone are usually cut deeper so that intensity can be added to the existing color. Very dark sapphires are usually cut shallower so that more light can be reflected within the gemstone. This leads to a brighter color.

The edges of a sapphire should not be unsymmetrical at any point, irrespective of its shape. On the gem’s crown, there are facets which should also be even in shape and size. The largest of these facets, known as the table should especially be symmetrical and centered, otherwise the sapphire’s beauty will be degraded. Also, tilting the sapphire should cause brighter flashes and absolutely no dull spots.

Sapphire Clarity

How is Clarity Described in Sapphires?
Compared to diamonds, clarity in sapphires is a much different subject. Sapphires develop in underground environments that are surrounded by trace minerals. These minerals essentially get trapped within the gemstone and reveal themselves in the form of small crystals, which are also called inclusions. A sapphire may have a high “depth” of color that may mask these inclusions. If inclusions aren’t visible from the naked eye, then the sapphire is termed as “eye clean” and holds a high value.